Guntra Aistara is an environmental anthropologist whose research lies at the intersection of political ecology, food sovereignty, and environmental justice. Her research interests include organic agriculture movements, agrobiodiversity and seed sovereignty, agroecology, permaculture, culinary heritage revivals, multi-species ethnography, and socio-ecological resilience of local food systems.
Her new book, Organic Sovereignties: Struggles over Farming in an Age of Free Trade (University of Washington Press, 2018), explores how organic agriculture movements in Latvia and Costa Rica have negotiated entry into free trade regions, such as the European Union (EU), and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), respectively. Situated on the frontiers of the European Union and the United States, these geopolitically and economically in-between countries, usually considered to be worlds apart, illustrate ways that international treaties have created contradictory pressures for organic farmers. Organic farmers in both countries build multispecies networks of biological and social diversity on their farms and struggle to create spaces of organic sovereignty within state and suprastate governance bodies. Organic associations in Central America and Eastern Europe face parallel challenges in balancing multiple identities as social movements, market sectors, and NGOs, while finding their place in nations reshaped by free trade, regioalization, and globalization.
Guntra is Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy. She holds a PhD from the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources and Environment. She is co-founder of the Environmental and Social Justice Action Research Group, and a core member of the Environmental Arts and Humanities Initiative.