Water: Our sustainable use and provision of drinking water and sanitation

Course Description: 

Water is a vital aspect of natural ecosystems and an important human resource. The physical, chemical and biological properties of water are considered in relation to aquatic environments, human impacts on freshwater systems (particularly eutrophication) and the provision of drinking water and sanitation.  In many parts of the world, water is in limited supply, and we most develop sustainable approaches to its conservation and use. From the point of view of human populations, personal, agricultural, industrial and economic demands make water availability and limiting factor in human development. As fresh water is not necessarily in abundant supply we must develop a sustainable approach to our use.

Students attending the course will gain an understanding of diverse aspects of water quality, how these are monitored and how they  affect our  preservation and use of available supplies. The impact of human population increase on sustainable use of water resources  is emphasised in relation to  current pressures  on natural  freshwater systems, the effect of global warming and the increasing demand for drinking water and sanitation.

Learning Outcomes: 

By the end of the course students should be able to understand:

1.Water quality parameters, peculiarities of microbial diversity and freshwater management.

2. Assessment of water quality in natural freshwater systems, importance of monitoring of short- and long-term changes.

3. Causes, results and control of major human impacts, such as eutrophication, and provisions for monitoring and legislation.

4. Water as a major resource, available to humans. Range of uses, our water footprint.

5. Required provisions for drinking water quality


Examination and assignment